Ederson, Álvarez, Gutiérrez and many others: they are a pack of footballers to have been suffering from testicular cancer. But what exactly is this disease of the balls? Is there a link with the practice of the ball? Can we (re) play with? And above all, how is one healed?
What is the common thread between Bobby Moore, Jonás Gutiérrezand Gaëtant Courtet? Answer: all three had the balls, one day, on learning that a cancer hit their testicles. And all three wore them and finally put them on a professional football pitch. That one or two of them did not stop them. They have gone through chemo or no box, then they have won a World Cup or not, they now play at Lorient , Independiente or Paradise FC (Bobby Moore died of a double colon cancer and intestine, to 51 years), all this will not of great importance today in the eyes of Ederson Honorato Campos The three players will mainly represent inspirations to overcome his testicular cancer, announced last week by his club Flamengo. They and many others. For if this cancer seems to particularly strike high-level athletes, two good news still accompany this sturdy diagnosis to cash in, physically and psychologically: one is statistically common; Two, one cures relatively well. Explanations. We cure it relatively well. Explanations. We cure it relatively well. Explanations.
Sport and cancer
So the numbers. Today, of the 385,000 cancers diagnosed each year in France , only 2,300 are for the testicles. It is little but related to the population concerned (men, a priori), the proportion increases strongly. And even vertiginously when we take only the age range of 20-35 years: in this category, about one in three cancer affects the testicles. This explains why they are often placed behind the (big) word “cancer” in the (bad) sports news: a man in the prime of life is by far the most at risk population. And it does not matter if he practices high-level sport.
On the one hand, Regular sport activity is generally considered a factor that reduces the risk of developing cancer. Thomas Ginsbourger knows something about this, he has done his thesis on the theme “sport and cancer”. But regarding the specific case of the testis, Dr. ès-STAPS wishes to qualify the approach: ” The link with the sport practice, namely 150 minutes per week at least, is studied less in the case of the testicles than in others Cancers such as breast, colon, prostate or lung. For these, it is known that physical activity reduces the risk of occurrence and recurrence, improves the effectiveness of the treatment and the quality of life in general. It is reasonable to assume that this is also the case for testicular cancer, but there is no formal scientific evidence. Others would even have a distant opinion. This was stated by Dr Patrick Laure , a public health doctor specializing in doping practices, at Libération in 2009: ” Doctors believe that, unlike other cancers, including breast and colon cancer, the activity Physics has no protective effect on the testicles, or even could promote cancer. The question is not clear. And the doubt arises when it comes to high-level sport and its dark side, doping. At Libération in 2009: ” Doctors believe that, unlike other breast and colon cancers, physical activity does not have a protective effect on the testicles and may even promote cancer. The question is not clear. And the doubt arises when it comes to high-level sport and its dark side, doping. At Libération in 2009: ” Doctors believe that, unlike other breast and colon cancers, physical activity does not have a protective effect on the testicles and may even promote cancer. The question is not clear. And the doubt arises when it comes to high-level sport and its dark side, doping.
Indeed, on the other side, the specter of cheating is agitated with every new disease announced. The cases Lance Armstrong or Ivan Basso, in cycling, are cited. Affected by testicular cancer before (Armstrong) or after (Basso) have been guilty of doping, the temptation to make the connection between one and the other. A step that Thomas Ginsbourger crossing guard: ” There are isolated cases, but no scientific evidence of a causal link , distinguishes the national coordinator of CAMI, structure of reference with accompanying physical coaching and athlete oncology. There are a lot of factors affecting hormone-dependent cancers. It is known, for example, that intensive musculation produces insulin IGF-1, Bad for this type of cancer. But the different endocrine disrupters also take into account. In the end, it is quite hazardous to establish a formal link between diagnosis of testicular cancer and doping practice. “Hazardous, and not very smart for the athletes concerned, at a time when the mind is strained.
” It’s not a bloody cancer that’s going to stop me!” “
It is a fact, testicular cancer affects a sensitive part of the male anatomy. The psychological aspect, often put forward when it comes to “overcome” the cancer, is all the more prevalent in the athletes of high level. The CAMI coordinator explains: ” In an empirical way, I see that the athlete can be mentally better suited to combat and victory. But in the case of professional athletes, driven by competition and with a particular body relationship, this type of cancer can also be very disruptive. On the other hand, once passed, the test can be a source of additional strength. Touched her pancreas, Olivier Baudry summed up the idea, simple and effective as a straight right: ” It ‘ Is not a damn cancer that will stop me! “
Better, testicular cancer is sometimes treated more quickly than a bad injury. Gaëtant Courtet needed only a few weeks to get rid of the tumor. More recently, Yeray Álvarez returned to competition 39 days after the diagnosis. Indeed, if it is revealed early enough and it has not migrated, a simple surgical procedure may suffice. And any testicular ablation that it is, it has nothing comparable to a treatment by chemo or radio therapy, which however can not always be avoided. Remains that the cure rate flirts with the 95%, a huge ratio compared to other types of cancer. Good news when we know that “